Advanced search
Visit
5123
Last Updated: 2009/10/22
Summary of question
During Salatul Wahsha should we read Ayatul Kursi till the section that says ‘aliyyul adheem’ or till the section that says, ‘hum feeha khalidoon’?
question
During the recitation of the Salatul Wahsha should we recite the Ayatul Kursi till العلی العظیم ‘aliyyul adheem’ or هم فیها خالدون ‘hum feeha khalidoon’?
Concise answer

Salatul Wahsha, also called Salatu Laylatil Dafn (the prayer of the first night after burial), is a prayer that is recited on the first night that a mu’min person has been buried.  It is called Salatul Wahsha because on that night, the person buried feels fear and terror as a result of not being familiar with his new abode and the conditions that he faces. This salat, by the mercy of Allah (swt), will remove this fear from the newly deceased person. Therefore, in reality, this prayer isn't a prayer of fear as its title may imply, rather it is a prayer for the removal of wahshah and fear.

Now let us see what the Fuqaha (Jurists) have said about the specific rules of Salatul Wahsha.

1- In the first rakat Surah Hamd and then Ayatul Kursi (from  الله لا اله الا هوAllahu la ilaha illa hu’ till و هو العلی العظیم wa huwal aliyul adheem’[1] will suffice) are read (without reading Surah Tawheed).[2] During the second rakat surah Hamd must be read and then surah Qadr (Inna Anzalnaho) is repeated 10 times. When the salat is finished we then say: “اللهم صل على محمد و آل محمد و ابعث ثوابها الى قبر فلان (Allahuma Sale Ala Muhammadin wa Aale Muhammad wab’ath thawabaha ila qabre fulan), and in the place of the word fulan (which in Arabic means “so and so”) put the name of the deceased person.

2- In the first rakat after surah Hamd, Ayatul Kursi till the point of فیها خالدون ‘Feeha Khalidoon’ should be read once according to ehtiyat (precaution) and the rest is the same as above.[3] Therefore, Imam Khomeini also hasn’t issued a fatwa on reciting till فیها خالدون‘ Feeha Khalidoon’ and only says it is a precaution.

Of course, there is also another prayer for the removal of the fear and hardship of the first night in the grave for the recently deceased that has been narrarated through hadiths by our Holy Prophet (S) in which he says: “There is no time more difficult for the deceased person than their first night in the grave; so have mercy on your deceased by paying charity on their behalf and if you’re not able to pay charity then pray two rakats of salat on their behalf like this: In the first rakat after surah Hamd, recite surah Tawheed twice and in the second rakat after surah Hamd, recite surah Takathur 10 times.  After the Salat is finished say: اللهم صل على محمد و آل محمد و ابعث ثوابها الى قبر ذلک المیت فلان ابن فلان ‘Allahuma Sale Ala muhammadin wa Aale muhamad wabath thawabiha ila qabre dhallikal mayyit fulaan ibn fulaan’ (In place of the first “fulan” say the name of the deceased and in place of the second “fulan” recite the name of the deceased’s father).  It is narrarated in traditions that this salat will cause ease for the deceased person and will also cause a widening of his grave till the Day of Judgement.  The person who recites this salat will also have his good deeds increased and his rank in Allah's (swt) eyes raised.[4]



[1] Baqarah:255.

[2] See: Majma’ul-Masa’el (of Ayatullah Golpaygani), vol. 1, pg. 190, question 261.

[3] Nijatul-Ibad (of Imam Khomeini), pg. 62.

[4] In the margin of the Mafatihul-Jinan (prayer for the dead), pg. 354.

Question translations in other languages
Comments
Please enter the value
Example : Yourname@YourDomane.ext
Please enter the value
Please enter the value

Categorization by subject

Random questions

  • Where is it permissible to tell a lie?
    2654 Practical 2012/01/30
    Islam lays great emphasis on telling the truth and being truthful and it considers lying to be a wicked act. In many cases, lying has been described as being more evil than drinking wine. In spite of lying being a wicked act, if not telling a lies causes a greater ...
  • Is it abominable to greet (salute) someone on the Day of Ashura? Is it recommended to say “May Allah increase our rewards and yours”?
    2676 Laws and Jurisprudence 2012/09/22
    1. Greeting is one of the desirable acts that have been recommended.[1] It is not makrooh (abominable) to greet someone from this perspective. However, according to some religious authorities (maraje’), if not doing an action such as shaking hands is considered in common view as a way of mourning and ...
  • What are the different stages and levels of religion?
    2237 Philosophy of Religion 2008/10/12
    The main stages of religion are as follows:1- The “nafsul-amr” religion: What exists in the knowledge of Allah (swt) regarding the guidance of man to his eternal prosperity and salvation, is the “nafsul-amr” religion. In other words, the nafsul-amr religion is the way of life for man from the beginning ...
  • What are the ways through which we can get familiar with the Quran?
    1110 Practical 2013/11/25
    If a person recites the Quran sincerely and contemplates over its verses and then acts upon them, the attraction of the Quran will increase in his heart and he will end up loving it. ...
  • Amr Aas has poetry in Imam Ali’s praise; in which book can this poetry be found?
    2165 تاريخ بزرگان 2011/04/21
    This question doesn’t have a brief answer. Please click on the detailed answer. ...
  • Has Islam reffered to any special form of government?
    2649 Fiqh 2006/08/21
    It should be said that Islam hasn,t reffered to any special form of government has expressed certain rules and regulation in this connection, form which the method of Islamic government can be inferred. Who infers these rules? The abovementioned rules are: finality of the fatva (verdict) of the specialist in ...
  • Is the tradition mentioned in Shia books about Imam Hasan (AS) and Imam Hussain (AS) praying behind Marwan bin Hakam reliable?
    1619 Contextual study 2013/12/16
    The narrations regarding Imam Hasan and Imam Hussein (AS) offering prayers behind Marwan have been narrated in Shia sources through different chains of transmission. One of the narrations has been narrated from Imam Ja'far Sadiq (AS) and the other from Imam Musa bin Ja'far (AS). These narrations are treated as ...
  • Is ‘Apprehension’ a quality that can be attributed to God?
    1721 Traditional 2012/04/17
    Taking into consideration the verse “لا تُدْرِكُهُ الْأَبْصارُ وَ هُوَ يُدْرِكُ الْأَبْصارَ وَ هُوَ اللَّطيفُ الْخَبيرُ”[1], Mudrik (being apprehensive) is one of God’s names.[2] In the Quran and traditions, this attribute (Mudrik)[3] has been mentioned explicitly, thus making Him ‘one who apprehends’, as the verse also asserted. Regarding the meaning of ...
  • How divorce is granted?
    713 طلاق 2014/10/15
    1. Divorce is a one-sided contract (which is one of the unilateral obligations "iqa'at") and it is carried out by the husband unilaterally even though the woman may not consent to it." Therefore, a man can divorce his wife one-sidedly in accordance with the rules prescribed by the religion.[1] 2. Divorce ...
  • Can ordinary human beings be infallible or not?
    2211 Traditional 2010/12/21
    The word infallible (ma’sum) means protection, to be secured, safety from committing sins and forgetfulness. Infallibility has levels and stages from which the highest is reserved for Prophets and imams. According to the Qur’an and traditions it is specific just for them due to their roles as leaders of humanity ...

Popular

  • What is the definition of "Muslim" according to the Quran?
    47611 Exegesis 2010/04/06
    According to the Quran a Muslim is one who has absolutely surrendered to Allah and his commands and believes in pure Tawhid (the oneness of God) that isn't tainted with any Shirk and this is why the Almighty has introduced Prophet Abraham as a true Muslim in the Quran.According to ...
  • Why hasn’t Imam Ali (a.s.) been mentioned in the Holy Quran?
    46290 Exegesis 2008/05/11
    One should be aware that although the imam’s names, )especially Imam Ali’s(, haven’t been mentioned in the Quran, nevertheless, their names, )especially Imam Ali’s(, can be found in the Prophet’s sayings. One very good example is the hadith of Ghadir which is considered the official announcement of the appointment of ...
  • How do you prove that Imam Ali (as) was imam and khalifa after the Prophet (pbuh)?
    25052 Traditional 2008/07/21
    There is no doubt that in order for Islam to survive, it needs a keeper and guardian and individuals to deliver and express the teachings and guidelines of religion for the people, and carry them out. Since one of the reasons of creation is the guidance of mankind, Allah’s wisdom ...
  • Why are shrimps halal and crabs haram? What makes one of them halal and the other halal despite the fact that both of them are from the same category?
    21746 Philosophy of Religion and Law 2012/03/18
    Although all Islamic laws are a result of the benefits or disadvantages and harms that back them, and there is a particular reason behind each and every one of them, discovering the exact reason in detail for every one of them is extremely difficult. The most we can do is ...
  • What is meant by Sidratul-Muntaha that the Quran has mentioned?
    20165 Exegesis 2010/04/07
    This question doesn’t have a brief answer. Please click on the detailed answer. ...
  • Is lobster, clam, oyster and octopus halal?
    18802 Laws and Jurisprudence 2012/02/18
    Eating lobster, clam, oyster and octopus is haram. According to religious resources regarding halal and haram meat, there are general rulings and numerous standards; for instance, a set of rulings has been given for land animals, sea creatures, birds and so on.The condition for halal meat sea creatures is to ...
  • What is Shirk?
    17721 Traditional 2007/01/21
    Literally, shirk means to allocate; technically, in Quranic terminology, shirk – in contrast to hanif – signifies the process of allocating someone/thing as the Almighty Allah’s partner or equal. Hanif means being inclined towards righteousness and moderation; hence, the term has been coined onto those who have disassociated themselves from ...
  • Who are the Ahlul-Bayt?
    16189 Traditional 2007/05/24
    The Prophet of Islam’s (s) Ahlul-Bayt are the same as the people of the cloak: Prophet Muhammad (s), ‘Alī, Fātimah, Hassan, and Hussayn (a). The proof for this is numerous traditions narrated by Shia and Sunni scholars. These traditions are found in more than seventy famous Sunni and Shia sources. ...
  • Why do Shias believe in the Imams and their Imamate?
    15221 Traditional 2010/04/08
    I believe that you are asking how we can find out if someone is really an Imam or not. However, before answering this question, we should first understand why we need to believe in the concept of Imamate.Imamate is an important issue in Islam, and it is the last stage ...
  • If you Shias are right about Muawiyah being a ‘factory’ of hadith fabrication, show me some hadiths that have praised Muawiyah and Yazid in Sunni sources. If you are right, then cite one example.
    14386 Contextual study 2010/09/20
    There is no doubt that ahadith have been fabricated in praise of Muawiyah. Some have even written books in his praise, such as Ibn Hajar, whose book is titled “Tat’hir al-Jinan wa al-Lisan”. Also, some who refused to write such books were scolded and accused of being associated with the ...

Links