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Last Updated: 2012/01/19
Summary of question
Is it permissible to eat chips containing porcine enzymes?
In many American chips there are porcine enzymes; is eating such chips permissible? (Does one need to investigate to see if the enzyme undergoes istihalah (transformation)?)
Concise answer

The grand maraji’ responded to this inquiry like this:

The office of the grand Ayatullah Khamenei:

In the case of the question it isn't permissible.

The office of the grand Ayatullah Makarem Shirazi:

It isn’t permissible.

The office of the grand Ayatullah Safi Golpaygani:

If one is certain that they contain najis substances, their consumption will be haram. Allah knows best.


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